arrow_backEmergency WASH


Preconditions and Enabling Factors


Preconditions and enabling factors are the resources, processes, services and infrastructural prerequisites that enable the relevant hygiene practices of an affected population and support good hygiene outcomes. They include the pro- vision of adequate water and sanitation infrastructure (P.2, P.3, P.4), the ability of local markets to supply hygiene consumables and WASH services P.8 and coordination with other humanitarian WASH actors, local service authorities, service providers and other sectors P.9.
For any hygiene promotion (HP) intervention to be effective, the affected population needs access to handwashing facilities P.2, water P.3 and sanitation infrastructure P.4 as well as related infrastructural requirements for health, solid waste management, drainage and vector control P.5. Other key prerequisites include the availability and affordability of corresponding products (such as soap and menstrual products, P.6 and P.7) and services such as desludging. To ensure the use of WASH infrastructure and services by the affected population they must be accessible. As importantly, they must be equitable, affordable, culturally acceptable, well-maintained and located close to where the target behaviours should take place. A well-coordinated approach is also needed with local, national and international actors and related sectors such as health, nutrition and protection P.9 to ensure that infrastructure, products and services are in place and sustainable. WASH advocacy P.10 and a wider set of planned and coordinated activities may be required to strengthen and prioritise life-saving WASH interventions and improve local conditions and access to WASH services. Coordination and advocacy can also ensure that internationally agreed core principles, standards, codes and human rights are adhered to by all actors and that the affected population can claim their rights.

Related Tools & Methods


T.4 Beautification star_border star
T.7 Community Mapping star_border star
T.8 Competition star_border star
T.9 Cues and Nudges star_border star
T.12 Exchange Visits star_border star
T.16 Gender Analysis star_border star
T.18 Household Visit star_border star
T.28 Observation star_border star
T.39 Ranking star_border star
T.41 Role Play star_border star
T.46 Social Support star_border star
T.48 Spidergram star_border star
T.52 Transect Walk star_border star
T.54 Venn Diagram star_border star
T.55 WASH Committee star_border star

Related Approaches & Frameworks Approaches with Focus on Participatory Sanitation and/or Hygiene


Related Approaches & Frameworks Approaches mainly Targeting Children and Schools


Related Approaches & Frameworks Approaches mainly Targeting Women and Girls


Related Approaches & Frameworks Approaches based on Behavioural Science


Related Approaches & Frameworks Approaches targeting Participation and Accountability