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T.2 Assessment Checklist

An Assessment Checklist acts as a guide for appropriate data collection in an assessment (chapter [A]). Generic checklists, such as the Assessment Checklist in the WASH chapter of the Sphere handbook, need adapting to the specific context. Checklists are also recommended for collecting data during Observation [T.28] and Transect Walks [T.52].

Assessment Checklists help ensure that all the key points are covered. They act as a focus, springboard and aide-memoire for more specific questions. Not all the points in the checklist may be relevant; it is important to discuss and agree on the most appropriate issues and specific questions according to the context. A checklist is more than a list of questions; it should link with other assessment methods, both qualitative and quantitative A.4. An Assessment Checklist can help to prioritise whether an intervention is needed and the likely scale of the response. It is useful to assess WASH needs, identify available resources, describe local conditions and collect information on demographics, hygiene behaviour and public health. The checklist should encourage the assessors to consider all the groups in the community including men, women, children, older and vulnerable people, engaging with them and understanding their views and preferences. Checklists are also a useful tool for coordinating with others P.9. The Sphere WASH assessment checklist helps plan joint assessments and the findings can then be shared and used for decision making. Care should be taken to select only those questions that are necessary, to avoid wasting respondents’ time and raising expectations. Checklists will need to be translated, copied and printed; assessment teams will need training in their use.


Assessment Checklists are important in all emergencies, but especially during the acute response. The advantage of a checklist is that it guides the assessments. The checklist can be prepared during emergency preparedness and quickly adapted when needed. In a rapid assessment, the checklist will need shortening to prioritise the most urgent and important assessment points. As the situation changes, ongoing assessment will be needed and the checklist may need adapting. It is useful to coordinate assessments and share, discuss and combine checklists.


  • Adapt generic checklists to the context

  • Be open to new emerging information and update the checklist as needed

  • Attach the Assessment Checklist to the assessment report


  • Do not raise community expectations by asking a long list of questions about issues beyond the programme’s scope or resources 

  • Do not use the checklist as you would a questionnaire: remember to listen, consult and engage with people

Practical Example

After the earthquake in Nepal, several WASH teams were doing rapid assessments in different areas. One sanitation team was focusing on hygiene promotion and sanitation. They used a standard checklist from their organisation and the Sphere checklist. They took the most critical points from the two lists and shared the checklist with teams in other areas to aid comparison and decide priorities. After the programme began further points were added to the checklist. This enabled the team to gather more information, build on the initial rapid assessment and deepen their understanding of the situation.

Key Decision Critria

Response Phase
Acute Response
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Protracted Crisis
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HP Component
Preconditions and Enabling Environment
Community Engagement and Participation
Assessment, Analysis and Planning
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Social and Behaviour Change
Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning (MEAL)
Target Group
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Older People
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Persons with Disabilities
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Local Leaders
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Society as a whole
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Application Level
Individual / Household
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Community / Municipality
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WASH assessment checklist in the Sphere handbook

Sphere Association (2018): The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response 4th Edition

Implementation guide, including links to checklists in Sphere

Sphere (2021): Sphere in Context for Assessments, Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning. Sphere Unpacked

Example of an observation checklist

UN OCHA (2012): Multi Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment Observation Checklist

Checklist for hygiene promotion review

UNHCR (2017): UNHCR Hygiene Promotion Guidelines

General assessment guide and how to use a checklist

IFRC (2005): Guidelines for Emergency Assessment

British Red Cross (2006): Sanitation and Hygiene Checklist. Mass Sanitation Module Emergency Response Unit