BRAC, with the support of UNICEF, implemented the RANAS approach (Risk, Attitudes, Norms, Ability and Self-regulation, [F.20]) to develop an evidence-based intervention to improve the cleaning of shared latrines and, as a result, increase the use of latrines by the Rohingya communities in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. This case study describes the process of latrine cleaning as one example of a total of nine behaviours targeted using the RANAS approach.
Following a fire at the Moria refugee camp on Lesbos, 13,000 refugees from a variety of countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo, Afghanistan and Syria, were relocated to a rocky site at Kara Tepe. The camp was overcrowded; the poor living conditions were particularly challenging for people with chronic illnesses and those with disabilities. The safety of women and children travelling alone was a critical concern. There was significant tension and conflict between different groups and nationalities within the camp and a high prevalence of many WASH-related diseases, such as acute watery and bloody diarrhoea and scabies, as well as COVID-19.